Working papers/under review are listed below publications.


Nathan P. Kalmoe & Lilliana Mason. Forthcoming 2022. Radical American Partisanship: Mapping Violent Hostility, Its Causes, & Consequences for Democracy. University of Chicago Press.

Nathan P. Kalmoe
. 2020.
With Ballots & Bullets: Partisanship & Violence in the American Civil War. Cambridge University Press. Online Appendix.

Academic Reviews: Journal of Politics, H-Net.

Donald R. Kinder & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2017. Neither Liberal nor Conservative: Ideological Innocence in the American Public. University of Chicago Press. 

Academic Reviews: Public Opinion Quarterly, Perspectives on Politics.
Popular Reviews: Washington Monthly, Vox, The American Conservative.

Articles (replication materials here) – email me for pre-prints (
I began pre-registering all my experiments and some observational tests in Sept. 2018, viewable here as each project is published.

Mirya Holman & Nathan P. Kalmoe. Forthcoming. Partisanship in the #MeToo Era. Perspectives on Politics.

Kathleen Searles, Mingxiao Sui, Joshua Darr, Nathan P. Kalmoe, Raymond J. Pingree, & Brian Watson. Forthcoming. Partisan media effects beyond one-shot experiments. Political Science Research & Methods.

Mirya Holman & Nathan P. Kalmoe. Forthcoming. The Polls: Trends: Sexual harassment. Public Opinion Quarterly.

Nichole Bauer, Nathan P. Kalmoe, & Erica Russell. 2021. Candidate aggression & gendered voter evaluations. Political Psychology. Early View.

Martina Santia, Brooks Fuller, Nathan P. Kalmoe, & Paromita Saha. Forthcoming. “Them Cuffs Keep Them Quiet”: Facebook Users’ Reactions to Live Arrests During Racial Justice Protests.” International Journal of Communication.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Martin Johnson. 2021. Genes, ideology, & sophistication. Journal of Experiments in Political Science. First View.   Online Appendix.

Ashley Jardina, Nathan P. Kalmoe, & Kimberly Gross. 2020. Disavowing white identity: How social disgust can change social identities. Political Psychology. Early View.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2020. Uses and abuses of ideology in political psychology. Political Psychology. Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe
, Raymond J. Pingree, Brian Watson, Mingxiao Sui, Joshua Darr, & Kathleen Searles. 2019. Crime news effects & democratic accountability: Experimental evidence from repeated exposure in a multi-week online panel. International Journal of Public Opinion Research.      Online Appendix.

Darr, Kalmoe, Searles, Sui, Pingree, Watson, Bryanov, & Santia. 2019. Collision with collusion: Republican reaction to the Trump-Russia news. Perspectives on Politics.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2019. Mobilizing voters with aggressive metaphors. Political Science Research & Methods.  Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2019. Speaking of parties: Dueling views in a canonical measure of sophistication. Public Opinion Quarterly. Online Appendix

Pingree et al. 2018. Checking facts and fighting back: Why journalists should defend their profession. PLOS ONE.

Nathan P. Kalmoe, Joshua R. Gubler, & David A. Wood. 2018. Toward conflict or compromise? How violent metaphors polarize partisan issue preferences. Political Communication.   Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2017. Digital news-seeking during wartime: Unobtrusive measures of Pakistani & American attention to drone strikesJournal of Information, Technology, & Politics.     Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Kimberly Gross. 2016. Cueing patriotism, prejudice, & partisanship in the age of Obama: Experimental tests of U.S. flag imagery effects in presidential elections. Political Psychology. Online Appendix. (see press here)

Joshua R. Gubler & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2015. Violent rhetoric in protracted group conflicts: Experimental evidence from Israel and India. Political Research Quarterly.  Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2015. Trait aggression in two representative U.S. surveys: Testing the generalizability of college samples. Aggressive Behavior.

Joshua R. Gubler, Nathan P. Kalmoe, & David A. Wood. 2015. Them’s fightin’ words: The effects of violent rhetoric on ethical decision making in business. Journal of Business Ethics. (see press here)

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2014.  Fueling the fire: Violent metaphors, trait aggression, and support for political violence. Political Communication. (see press here)

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2013. From fistfights to firefights: Trait aggression and support for state violence.  Political Behavior.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Spencer Piston. 2013. Is implicit prejudice against blacks politically consequential? Evidence from the AMP. Public Opinion Quarterly.
Reprinted in Virtual Issue: Coloring Public Opinion, Public Opinion Quarterly, 2016-17. 

Chapters in Edited Volumes

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2022. The conditional nature of ideology in mass publics. In Handbook on Politics & Public Opinion. ed. Thomas Rudolph.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Lilliana Mason. Stealth fighters: Extreme partisanship in independent leaners. In Reconsidering Parties & Partisanship, eds. Karpowitz & Pope.

Lilliana Mason & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2021. The social roots, risks, and rewards of mass polarization. In Democratic Resilience: Can the United States Withstand Rising Polarization?, eds. Brown, Lieberman, & Roberts. Cambridge University Press.

Kathryn K. Will & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2019. Mourning tiger mascots in Baton Rouge. In Feeling animal death: Being hosts to ghosts. eds. Brianne Donaldson & Ashley King. Rowman & Littlefield.

Technical Reports

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2016. Trait aggression in the ANES 2013 Internet Recontact Study: Attributes of new items & recommendations for use. American National Election Study.

Working Papers

Under Review

Nathan P. Kalmoe, Brooks Fuller, Martina Santia, & Paromita Saha. Representation & aggression in contentious digital publics: Analyzing public comments during live-streamed news of racial justice protests.

In Progress

Public opinion on election rejection in the United States. (w/ Lily Mason)
Election distrust & violent American partisanship. (w/ Lily Mason)
Violence against women & violent partisan views. (w/ Mirya Holman & Lily Mason)
Aggression against women in politics. (w/ Mirya Holman & Lily Mason)
Reducing white Southern support for Confederate symbols through empathy, not extreme analogy (w/ Andrew Searles)
Understanding mass ideology today (chapter in edited volume)
Distinguishing partisan & anti-slavery mechanisms in Civil War military mobilization (w/ Kumar Ramanathan)
More evidence of partisan flag effects: Trump’s 2016 election (short article)
Campaign Advertising in a (Mostly) Non-ideological Public (book?)
America’s Next Revolution: Public opinion on democratizing the United States (book?)


Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2012. Mobilizing Aggression in Mass Politics. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Best Dissertation Honorable Mention, 2013, APSA Political Psychology Section.

Unpublished Projects

Legitimizing partisan violence: Evidence of political bias in state violence views from four experiments.

The weakness of issues: How multiple measures mislead on public opinion. [Append]

Framing racial coalitions in election news. (w/ Kim Gross)

Elizabeth Suhay & Nathan P. KalmoeThe equal environments assumption in twin studies of political traits: Social confounds & suggested remedies.

Research Grants

My work has been supported by Democracy Fund, American National Election StudiesTime-Series Experiments for the Social Sciences (National Science Foundation), FacebookLouisiana State University, Monmouth College, George Washington University, Brigham Young University, and the Gerald R. Ford Foundation, the Marsh Center for the Study of Journalistic Performance, and Rackham Graduate School at the University of Michigan.