My current projects focus on: 1) holistically mapping the public’s political communication environments, 2) tracing dominating & democratizing factions (race, religion, sex) and party roles in U.S. democratization past & present, and 3) measuring election rejection & support for political violence. It’s all about fractious roots of public opinion and action as mobilized by communication, with a focus on meaningful democracy.

Working papers/under review are listed below publications.


Nathan P. Kalmoe & Lilliana Mason. 2022. Radical American Partisanship: Mapping Violent Hostility, Its Causes, & Consequences for Democracy. University of Chicago Press. Online Appendix

Academic Reviews: Public Opinion Quarterly.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2020. With Ballots & Bullets: Partisanship & Violence in the American Civil War. Cambridge University Press. Online Appendix.

Awards: David O. Sears Best Book on Mass Politics (Int’l Soc. of Pol. Psych.)
Leon Epstein Outstanding Book Award (APSA – Pol Orgs & Parties Section)
Academic Reviews: Journal of Politics, Perspectives on PoliticsJournal of the Civil War Era, H-Net.

Donald R. Kinder & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2017. Neither Liberal nor Conservative: Ideological Innocence in the American Public. University of Chicago Press. 

Academic Reviews: Public Opinion Quarterly, Perspectives on Politics.
Popular Reviews: Washington Monthly, Vox, The American Conservative.

Articles (replication materials here but needs updating) – email me for pre-prints. I began pre-registering nearly all my experiments and some observational tests in Sept. 2018, viewable here.

Mirya Holman & Nathan P. Kalmoe. Forthcoming. Partisanship in the #MeToo Era. Perspectives on Politics. First view.

Kumar Ramanathan & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2022. Partisanship & racial attitudes in U.S. Civil War enlistment. Journal of Race, Ethnicity, & Politics.

Nathan P. Kalmoe, Brooks Fuller, Martina Santia, & Paromita Saha. 2022. Representation & aggression in contentious digital publics: Analyzing public comments during live-streamed news of racial justice protests. Perspectives on Politics.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Martin Johnson. 2022. Genes, ideology, & sophistication. Journal of Experiments in Political Science. Online Appendix.

Nichole Bauer, Nathan P. Kalmoe, & Erica Russell. 2022. Candidate aggression & gendered voter evaluations. Political Psychology.

Kathleen Searles, Mingxiao Sui, Joshua Darr, Nathan P. Kalmoe, Raymond J. Pingree, & Brian Watson. 2022. Partisan media effects beyond one-shot experiments. Political Science Research & Methods.

Mirya Holman & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2021. The Polls: Trends: Sexual harassment. Public Opinion Quarterly.

Ashley Jardina, Nathan P. Kalmoe, & Kimberly Gross. 2021. Disavowing white identity: How social disgust can change social identities. Political Psychology. 

Martina Santia, Brooks Fuller, Nathan P. Kalmoe, & Paromita Saha. 2020. “Them Cuffs Keep Them Quiet”: Facebook Users’ Reactions to Live Arrests During Racial Justice Protests.” International Journal of Communication.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2020. Uses and abuses of ideology in political psychology. Political Psychology. Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe
, Raymond J. Pingree, Brian Watson, Mingxiao Sui, Joshua Darr, & Kathleen Searles. 2019. Crime news effects & democratic accountability: Experimental evidence from repeated exposure in a multi-week online panel. International Journal of Public Opinion Research.      Online Appendix.

Darr, Kalmoe, Searles, Sui, Pingree, Watson, Bryanov, & Santia. 2019. Collision with collusion: Republican reaction to the Trump-Russia news. Perspectives on Politics.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2019. Mobilizing voters with aggressive metaphors.  Political Science Research & Methods.  Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2019. Speaking of parties: Dueling views in a canonical measure of sophistication. Public Opinion Quarterly. Online Appendix

Pingree et al. 2018. Checking facts and fighting back: Why journalists should defend their profession. PLOS ONE.

Nathan P. Kalmoe, Joshua R. Gubler, & David A. Wood. 2018. Toward conflict or compromise? How violent metaphors polarize partisan issue preferences. Political Communication.   Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2017. Digital news-seeking during wartime: Unobtrusive measures of Pakistani & American attention to drone strikesJournal of Information, Technology, & Politics.     Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Kimberly Gross. 2016. Cueing patriotism, prejudice, & partisanship in the age of Obama: Experimental tests of U.S. flag imagery effects in presidential elections. Political Psychology. Online Appendix. (see press here)

Joshua R. Gubler & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2015. Violent rhetoric in protracted group conflicts: Experimental evidence from Israel and India. Political Research Quarterly.  Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2015. Trait aggression in two representative U.S. surveys: Testing the generalizability of college samples. Aggressive Behavior.

Joshua R. Gubler, Nathan P. Kalmoe, & David A. Wood. 2015. Them’s fightin’ words: The effects of violent rhetoric on ethical decision making in business. Journal of Business Ethics. (see press here)

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2014.  Fueling the fire: Violent metaphors, trait aggression, and support for political violence. Political Communication. (see press here)

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2013. From fistfights to firefights: Trait aggression and support for state violence.  Political Behavior.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Spencer Piston. 2013. Is implicit prejudice against blacks politically consequential? Evidence from the AMP. Public Opinion Quarterly.
Reprinted in Virtual Issue: Coloring Public Opinion, Public Opinion Quarterly, 2016-17. 

Chapters in Edited Volumes

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2022. The conditional nature of ideology in mass publics. In Handbook on Politics & Public Opinion. ed. Thomas Rudolph.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Lilliana Mason. Stealth fighters: Extreme partisanship in independent leaners. In Reconsidering Parties & Partisanship, eds. Karpowitz & Pope.

Lilliana Mason & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2021. The social roots, risks, and rewards of mass polarization. In Democratic Resilience: Can the United States Withstand Rising Polarization?, eds. Brown, Lieberman, & Roberts. Cambridge University Press.

Kathryn K. Will & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2019. Mourning tiger mascots in Baton Rouge. In Feeling animal death: Being hosts to ghosts. eds. Brianne Donaldson & Ashley King. Rowman & Littlefield.

Technical Reports, Letters, Expert Testimony, & Book Reviews

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Lilliana Mason. 2022. A holistic view of conditional American support for political violence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Letter to the Editor.

Lilliana Mason, Nathan P. Kalmoe, Julie Wronski, & John Kane. Forthcoming. Congressional testimony to the Select Committee to Investigate the January 6 Attack on the U.S. Capitol.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2020. Review of Disrespectful Democracy: The Psychology of Political Incivility, by Emily Sydnor. Perspectives on Politics.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2016. Trait aggression in the ANES 2013 Internet Recontact Study: Attributes of new items & recommendations for use. American National Election Study.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2015. Review of Mixed Emotions: Beyond Fear & Hatred in International Conflict, by Andrew A.G. Ross. Political Communication.

Work In Progress


Next Book: America’s Democratic Revolutions: Victories over dominating factions & prospects for a democratic future.

Progressive messages invoking race are no less effective than class alone: Evidence from three large survey experiments on local elections. Under review. (w/ Joshua Jordan)

Abuse in the home(land): Violence against women and political violence in public opinion. Under review. (w/ Holman, Mason, Oden, Jordan)

Measuring public views on political violence. (w/ Lily Mason)

Rejecting loss: U.S. public reaction against election outcomes, 2018-2022. (w/ Lily Mason)

White supremacy, Christian nationalism, & patriarchy in violent political views. (w/ Lily Mason)

When & why policy ads don’t work in elections. (w/ Joshua Jordan)

The impact of threats on political ambition. (w/ Alexandra Filindra & Mirya Holman)


Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2012. Mobilizing Aggression in Mass Politics. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Award: Best Diss. Honorable Mention, 2013, APSA Pol. Psychology Section.

Unpublished Projects

What changes white southern views of Confederate symbols? The power of perspectives & the risks of historical analogy (w/ Andrew Searles)

Legitimizing partisan violence: Evidence of political bias in state violence views from four experiments.

The weakness of issues: How multiple measures mislead on public opinion. [Append]

Framing racial coalitions in election news. (w/ Kim Gross)

Elizabeth Suhay & Nathan P. KalmoeThe equal environments assumption in twin studies of political traits: Social confounds & suggested remedies.

Research Grants

My work has been supported by Democracy Fund, American National Election StudiesTime-Series Experiments for the Social Sciences (National Science Foundation), FacebookLouisiana State University, Monmouth College, George Washington University, Brigham Young University, and the Gerald R. Ford Foundation, the Marsh Center for the Study of Journalistic Performance, and Rackham Graduate School at the University of Michigan.