Working papers/under review are listed below publications.


Nathan P. KalmoeWith Ballots & Bullets: Partisanship & Violence in the American Civil War. Status: considering contract offers.

Donald R. Kinder & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2017. Neither Liberal nor Conservative: Ideological Innocence in the American Public. University of Chicago Press. 

Academic Reviews: Public Opinion Quarterly, Perspectives on Politics.
Popular Reviews: Washington Monthly, Vox, The American Conservative.

In Progress: Nathan P. Kalmoe & Lilliana Mason. Radical American Partisanship: Mapping Extreme Hostility, Its Causes, & Consequences. Status: early writing, final data collection.

Articles (replication materials here) – email me for pre-prints (
I began pre-registering all my experiments and some observational tests in Sept. 2018, viewable here as each project is published.

Nathan P. Kalmoe, Raymond J. Pingree, Brian Watson, Mingxiao Sui, Joshua Darr, & Kathleen Searles. 2019. Crime news effects & democratic accountability: Experimental evidence from repeated exposure in a multi-week online panel. International Journal of Public Opinion Research.      Online Appendix.

Darr, Kalmoe, Searles, Sui, Pingree, Watson, Branov, & Santia. 2019. Collision with collusion: Republican reaction to the Trump-Russia news. Perspectives on Politics.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2019. Mobilizing voters with aggressive metaphors. Political Science Research & Methods.  Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2019. Speaking of parties: Dueling views in a canonical measure of sophistication. Public Opinion Quarterly. Online Appendix

Pingree et al. 2018. Checking facts and fighting back: Why journalists should defend their profession. PLOS ONE.

Nathan P. Kalmoe, Joshua R. Gubler, & David A. Wood. 2018. Toward conflict or compromise? How violent metaphors polarize partisan issue preferences. Political Communication.   Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2017. Digital news-seeking during wartime: Unobtrusive measures of Pakistani & American attention to drone strikesJournal of Information, Technology, & Politics.     Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Kimberly Gross. 2016. Cueing patriotism, prejudice, & partisanship in the age of Obama: Experimental tests of U.S. flag imagery effects in presidential elections. Political Psychology. Online Appendix. (see press here)

Joshua R. Gubler & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2015. Violent rhetoric in protracted group conflicts: Experimental evidence from Israel and India. Political Research Quarterly.  Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2015. Trait aggression in two representative U.S. surveys: Testing the generalizability of college samples. Aggressive Behavior.

Joshua R. Gubler, Nathan P. Kalmoe, & David A. Wood. 2015. Them’s fightin’ words: The effects of violent rhetoric on ethical decision making in business. Journal of Business Ethics. (see press here)

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2014.  Fueling the fire: Violent metaphors, trait aggression, and support for political violence. Political Communication. (see press here)

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2013. From fistfights to firefights: Trait aggression and support for state violence.  Political Behavior.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Spencer Piston. 2013. Is implicit prejudice against blacks politically consequential? Evidence from the AMP. Public Opinion Quarterly.
Reprinted in Virtual Issue: Coloring Public Opinion, Public Opinion Quarterly, 2016-17. 

Chapters in Edited Volumes

Kathryn K. Will & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2019. Mourning tiger mascots in Baton Rouge. In Feeling animal death: Being hosts to ghosts. eds. Brianne Donaldson & Ashley King. Rowman & Littlefield.

Technical Reports

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2016. Trait aggression in the ANES 2013 Internet Recontact Study: Attributes of new items & recommendations for use. American National Election Study.

Working Papers

Under Review

Nathan P. Kalmoe. Uses and abuses of ideology in political psychology. Online Appendix. Revise & Resubmit.

Kathleen Searles, Mingxiao Sui, Joshua Darr, Nathan P. Kalmoe, Raymond J. Pingree, & Brian Watson. Hostile media perceptions & repeated exposure to partisan news.     Revise & Resubmit.

Ashley Jardina, Nathan P. Kalmoe, & Kimberly Gross. Trump, disgust, & the erosion of white identity. 

In Progress

Next book: Radical American Partisanship: Mapping Extreme Hostility, Its Causes, & Consequences. (w/ Lily Mason)

The Electoral (Dis)Connection: Election Distrust & the Orthogonality of Radical American Partisanship. (w/ Lily Mason, APSA 2019)
Partisan terrorism effects on violent partisan attitudes: An American natural experiment. (w/ Lily Mason)
Candidate aggression & gendered voter evaluations. (w/ N. Bauer & E. Russell, APSA 2019)
Genes, ideology, & sophistication.  (w/ Martin Johnson)      Online Appendix.
Legitimizing partisan violence: Evidence of political bias in state violence views from four experiments.
The weakness of issues: How multiple measures mislead on public opinion. [Append]
Framing racial coalitions in election news. (w/ Kim Gross)

Representation in contentious digital publics: Analyzing public comments during live-streamed news of racial justice protests. (w/ B. Fuller, M. Santia, & P. Saha)
Partisanship in the #MeToo Era. (w/ Mirya Holman)
Trends in #MeToo attitudes across three decades. (w/ Mirya Holman)
Domestic violence, sexism, & violent political attitudes. (w/ Mirya Holman & Lily Mason)
Hostile campaign rhetoric, violence, & hate (w/ Michael Weaver & Levi Boxell)


Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2012. Mobilizing Aggression in Mass Politics. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Best Dissertation Honorable Mention, 2013, APSA Political Psychology Section.

Past Projects

Elizabeth Suhay & Nathan P. KalmoeThe equal environments assumption in twin studies of political traits: Social confounds & suggested remedies.

Research Grants

My work has been supported by American National Election StudiesTime-Series Experiments for the Social Sciences (National Science Foundation), FacebookLouisiana State University, Monmouth College, George Washington University, Brigham Young University, and the Gerald R. Ford Foundation, the Marsh Center for the Study of Journalistic Performance, and Rackham Graduate School at the University of Michigan.