Working papers/under review are listed below publications.


Donald R. Kinder & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2017. Neither Liberal nor Conservative: Ideological Innocence in the American Public. University of Chicago Press. 

In progress: With Ballots & Bullets: Partisanship & Violence in the American Civil War. Status: chapter writing; polished draft 2018-19 academic year, press TBD.

Articles (replication materials here) – email for Word doc if no access (

Nathan P. Kalmoe, Joshua R. Gubler, & David A. Wood. 2017 (First View). Toward conflict or compromise? How violent metaphors polarize partisan issue preferences. Political Communication.   Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2017 (First View). Mobilizing voters with aggressive metaphors. Political Science Research & Methods.  Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2017. Digital news-seeking during wartime: Unobtrusive measures of Pakistani & American attention to drone strikesJournal of Information, Technology, & Politics.     Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Kimberly Gross. 2016. Cueing patriotism, prejudice, & partisanship in the age of Obama: Experimental tests of U.S. flag imagery effects in presidential elections. Political Psychology. Online Appendix. (see press here)

Joshua R. Gubler & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2015. Violent rhetoric in protracted group conflicts: Experimental evidence from Israel and India. Political Research Quarterly.  Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2015. Trait aggression in two representative U.S. surveys: Testing the generalizability of college samples. Aggressive Behavior.

Joshua R. Gubler, Nathan P. Kalmoe, & David A. Wood. 2015. Them’s fightin’ words: The effects of violent rhetoric on ethical decision making in business. Journal of Business Ethics. (see press here)

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2014.  Fueling the fire: Violent metaphors, trait aggression, and support for political violence. Political Communication. (see press here)

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2013. From fistfights to firefights: Trait aggression and support for state violence.  Political Behavior.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Spencer Piston. 2013. Is implicit prejudice against blacks politically consequential? Evidence from the AMP. Public Opinion Quarterly.
Reprinted in Virtual Issue: Coloring Public Opinion, Public Opinion Quarterly, 2016-17. 

Working Papers

Under Review

Nathan P. Kalmoe. Legitimizing partisan violence in public opinion: Historical and experimental evidence of bias in state violence views.

Nathan P. Kalmoe, Raymond J. Pingree, Brian Watson, Mingxiao Sui, Joshua Darr, & Kathleen Searles. Better left unsaid: Crime news and presidential blame. Revise & Resubmit.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. Speaking of parties: Dueling views in a canonical measure of sophistication.         Online Appendix

Kathleen Searles, Mingxiao Sui, Joshua Darr, Nathan P. Kalmoe, Raymond J. Pingree, & Brian Watson. Hostile media perceptions & repeated exposure to partisan news. 

In Progress

The weakness of issues: How multiple measures mislead on public opinion
Uses and abuses of ideology measures in political psychology
Framing racial coalitions in election news (w/ Kim Gross)
Lethal partisanship, moral disengagement, & electoral threats (w/ Lily Mason)
Partisan dehumanization & its political consequences (w/ Josh Gubler)
White identity & political power: Electoral contingencies (w/ Ashley Jardina, Kim Gross)
Collision with collusion: Republican reaction to the Trump-Russia scandal (w/ PCRG)
Live-streamed protest & violent replies in a digital public sphere (w/ Brooks Fuller & Martina Santia).
Candidate traits & evaluations (w/ Nichole Bauer)
Feminizing partisanship: Framing perceptions of electoral coalitions (w/ Kim Gross).


Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2012. Mobilizing Aggression in Mass Politics. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Best Dissertation Honorable Mention, 2013, APSA Political Psychology Section.

Past Projects

Elizabeth Suhay & Nathan P. KalmoeThe equal environments assumption in twin studies of political traits: Social confounds & suggested remedies. (see press below)

Research Grants

My work has been supported by American National Election StudiesTime-Series Experiments for the Social Sciences (National Science Foundation), Louisiana State University, Monmouth College, George Washington University, Brigham Young University, and the Gerald R. Ford Foundation, the Marsh Center for the Study of Journalistic Performance, and Rackham Graduate School at the University of Michigan.